Assessment of Perceived Social Support, Quality of Life and Resilience among Pregnant Women in Northern Nigeria
Perceived Social Support, Quality of Life and Resilience in pregnancy
Background: Pregnancy causes inevitably significant psychological and physiological impacts on woman. It causes high emotional changes and occasionally mental disturbances. These make pregnancy a period of life that requires woman to have bio-psycho-social adjustments through good social support, quality of life and resilience.
Aim: This study was aimed at assessing the Perceived Social Support, Quality of Life and Resilience among pregnant women in northern Nigeria.
Methods: The study was descriptive and adopted cross sectional design. Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, short Form (SF-36) Health Survey 1.0 Questionnaire, and Connor-Davidson RS Scale were used for data collection. Respondents were selected using systematic sampling. Data were analysed using SPSS version 26 and Kruskal-wallis test was used for inferential analysis.
Results: Majority of the respondents had good and very-good perceived social support (23.1% and 27.2%) respectively. Majority of the respondents (76.6%) had poor quality of life. Majority of the respondents had good and very-good resilience (28.6% and 40.3%) respectively. P<0.001 in perceived social support differences by age, parity, educational level, and family economic status, respectively. P<0.05, P<0.01 and P<0.01 in quality of life differences by age, parity, and family economic status respectively. P<0.05, P<0.01 and P<0.01 in resilience differences by age, parity, and level of education, respectively.
Conclusion: Healthcare workers especially midwives should consider pregnant women’s perceived social support, quality of life and resilience when rendering their services.
Keywords: Midwives, Pregnancy, Quality of life, Resilience, Social support
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