Health Promoting Lifestyle and Perceived Social Support Measure of Nursing Students in a Selected College of Nursing
Background: The importance of health promotion has been underscored in preventing the existing of certain diseases, safeguarding the health of the nation. However, certain factors must be considered in ensuring that all individuals are motivated in maintaining their highest health potential. This study aims to determine if there is a difference between the profile variables of the nursing students, their perceived social support measure and the Health-promoting lifestyles they practice.
Methodology: A descriptive comparative research design was utilized in the study. Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP II) and Personal Resource Questionnaire (PRQ) was used to gather data to one hundred eighteen (118) nursing students. To analyze the gathered data, frequency, percentages, t-test and one-way ANOVA were used in the study.
Results: Results revealed that respondents’ nutrition and stress management were significantly different with age group. It was also found that the respondents’ physical activity is significantly different with gender.
Conclusion: Nutrition, physical activity, stress management and health responsibility were the lowest Health-promoting lifestyle behaviors.
Alpar, S. C., Senturan, L., Karabacak, U., & Sabuncu, N. (2008). Change in the health promoting lifestyle behavior of Turkish University nursing students from beginning to end of nurse training. Nurse Education in Practice, 8, 382–388.
Aniza, I., & Fairuz, M. (2009). Factors influencing physical activity level among secondary school adolescents in Petaling District, Selangor. Medical Journal Malaysia, 64, 228-232.
Ayranci, U., Erenoglu, N., & Son, O. (2010). Eating habits, lifestyle factors, and body weight status among Turkish private educational institution students. Nutrition, 26, 772–778.
Bokhorst, C.L., Sumter, S. R., & Westenberg, P. N. (2009). Social support from parents, friends, classmates, and teachers in children and adolescents aged 9 to 18 years: Who is perceived as most supportive?Social Development, 19(2), 417-426.
Can, G., Ozdilli, K., Erol, O., Unsar, S., Tulek, Z., Savaser, S., . . . Durna, Z. (2008). Comparison of the health promoting lifestyle of nursing and non-nursing students in Istanbul, Turkey. Nursing and Health Sciences, 10, 273–280.
Chen, L., Haase, A. M., & Fox, K. R. (2007). Physical activity among Taiwanese adolescents in Taiwan. Asia Pacific Journal Clinical Nutrition, 16, 354-361.
Fry, D. (2017). Applying the Ottawa Charter to Inform Health Promotion Programme Design. Health PromotionInternational. 32(5):901-912. doi: 10.1093/heapro/daw022
Guedes, N. G., Moreira, R. P., Cavalcante, T. F., De Araujo, T. L., & Ximenes, L. B. (2009). Students' physical activity: an analysis according to Pender's health promotion model. Journal of School Nursing, USP, 43(4), 773-779.
Hirsch, J. K., & Barton, A. L. (2011). Positive social support, negative social exchanges, and suicidal behavior in college students. Journal of American Health College, 59(5), 393-398.
Hui, W. (2002). The health promoting lifestyles of undergraduate nurses in Hong Kong. Journal of Professional Nursing, 18(2), 101-111.
Hwang, J., & Kim, Y. H. (2011). Adolescents’ physical activity and its related cognitive and behavioral processes. Biology of Sport, 28, 19-22.
Kelly, S. A., Melnyk, B. M., & Jacobson, D. L. (2011). Correlates among healthy lifestyle cognitive beliefs, healthy lifestyle choices, social support, and healthy behaviors in adolescents: Implications for behavioral change strategies and future research. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 25, 216-223.
Laurence, B., Williams, C., & Eiland, D. (2009). Depressive symptoms, stress, and social support among dental students at a historically black college and university. Journal of American College Health, 58(1), 56-63.
Lee, K. S., Loprinzi, P. D., & Trost, S. G. (2010). Determinants of physical activity in Singaporean adolescents. International Society of Behavioural Medicine, 17, 279-286.
Lin, C. (2009). Exploring facets of a social network to explicate the status of social support and its effects on stress. Social Behavior and Personality, 37(5), 701-710.
Locke, C. T, et al (2006). Cross sectional comparison of physical activity and inactivity patterns in Chinese and Filipino youth. Journal Compilation, 33, 59-66.
Kumar, S., and Preetha, G.S. (2012). Health Promotion: An Effective Tool for Global Health. Indian Journal of Community Medicine,37(1): 5-12. doi: 10.4103/0970-0218.94009.
Mak, K. K., Ho, S. Y., Lo, W. S., McManus, A. M., & Lam, T. H. (2011). Prevalence ofexercise and non-exercise physical activity in Chinese adolescents. International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8, 1-4.
Mulvaney-Day, D. E., Alegrıa, M., & Sribney, W. (2007). Social cohesion, social support, and health among Latinos in the United States. Social Science & Medicine, 64, 477–495.
Pati, S., Chauhan, A.S., Mahapatra, S., and Pati, S. (2017). Practicing Health Promotion in Primary Care –A Reflective Enquiry. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene, 58(4): E288-E293. doi: 10.15167/2421-42/jpmh2017.58.4.749
Phiri, L.P., Draper, C.E., Lambert, E.V., and Kolbe-Alexander, T.L. (2014). Nurses’ Lifestyle Behaviours, Health Priorities and Barriers to Living a Healthy Lifestyle: A Qualitative Descriptive Study. BioMed Central Nursing, 13:38. doi: 10.1186/s12912-014-0038-6
Premji, S.S., and Hatfield, J. (2016). Call to Action for Nurses/Nursing. BioMed Research International. doi: 10.1155/20016/3127543
Reblin, M., Uchino, B. (2008) Social and Emotional and its Implication for Health. Current Opinion in Psychiatry21(2), 201-205. doi: 10.1097/YCO. 0b013e3282f3ad89
Shriver, C.B., and Scott-Stiles, A. (2000). Health Habits of Nursing Versus Non-Nursing Students: A Longitudinal Study. Journal of Nursing Education, 39(7):308-14.
Stock, C., Kucuk, N., Miseviciene, I., Guillen-Grima, H. F., Petkeviciene, J., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., & Kramer, A. (n.d.). Differences in health complaints among university students from three European countries. Preventive Medicine, 37, 535–543. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2003.07.001
Tavolacci, M.P., Delay, J., Grigioni, S., Dechelotte, P., Ladner, J. (2018). Changes and Specificities in Health Behaviors among Healthcare Students Over An 8-year Period. PLoS ONE, 13(3): e0194188. doi:10.1371/journal.pone0194188
Weber, S., Puskar, K. R., & Ren, D. (2010). Relationships between depressive symptoms and perceived social support, self-esteem, & optimism in a sample of rural adolescents. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 31, 584–588.
Wilks, S.E., & Spivey, C. A. (2010). Resilience in undergraduate social work students: Social support and adjustment to academic stress. Social work education, 29(3), 276–288.
World Health Organization–CPHA. (1986). Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. Geneva: World Health Organization
Wu, T., & Pender, N. (2005). A panel study of physical activity in Taiwanese youth: Testing the revised health-promotion model. Family & Community Health, 28(2), 113–124.
Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Health and Caring Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.